An introduction to the culture and geography of the country mauritania

It nestles on the northwestern tip of Africa, separated from the rest of the continent by the towering Atlas Mountains and by the Sahara itself. Its climate, geography, and history are all more closely related to the Mediterranean than to the rest of Africa, and for this reason visitors are often struck by the odd sensation of having not quite reached Africa in Morocco. In the north, its fine beaches, lush highland valleys, and evocative old cities reinforce this impression.

An introduction to the culture and geography of the country mauritania

In the Tibetan language, Shar Pa means "people who live in the east," and over time this descriptive term has come to identify the Sherpa community. According to Sherpa tradition, the tribe migrated to Nepal from the Kham region of eastern Tibet over a thousand years ago.

Historians, however, suggest that the Sherpas were nomadic herders who were driven out of their original homeland in eastern Tibet by warlike peoples sometime between the twelfth and fifteenth centuries AD.

They migrated to the area around Tingri, but conflict with the local inhabitants caused them to move on in search of new pastures. They crossed the Himalayas and settled peacefully in their present homeland in northeastern Nepal.

Sherpas also live to the east of this area in Kulung.

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Kathmandu itself has a sizable Sherpa population, while small numbers of Sherpas can be found throughout Nepal, even in the Terai. Sherpa communities are also present in the Indian state of Sikkim and the hill towns of Darjiling and Kalimpong.

The Sherpas are small in stature, relatively fair in complexion, with the distinctive facial features associated with peoples of Tibetan origin. The Sherpas live on the flanks of the hill masses that jut south into Nepal from the crestline of the high Himalayas.

Rivers such as the Dudh Kosi and Bhote Kosi have carved deep gorges into the mountains, leaving a complex terrain of steep ridges and narrow valleys.

Wherever Sherpas are found, their settlements lie at the highest elevations of any human habitation. In Khumbu, their villages are found between 10, to 14, feet approximately 3, and 4, meters. Winters at this altitude are severe, with snow covering the ground between November and February.

No work can be done in the open.

An introduction to the culture and geography of the country mauritania

Most able-bodied Sherpas descend to lower elevations for the winter, leaving only the elderly in the villages. February sees the onset of spring, with warming temperatures and clear skies. People return to their villages for the New Year festival in late February, and the next three months are spent preparing fields and sowing crops.

Summer temperatures vary according to altitude. May to August is the rainy season, with most of Nauje's annual precipitation of approximately 41 inches centimeters falling during this period. August to November heralds another period of fair weather, when the harvest is gathered in.

It belongs to the Tibeto-Burman branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. The Sherpas use the Tibetan script for writing. Sherpas use Nepali in their dealings with other peoples.

The elders of the village decided on a plan to eliminate the Yetis.

An introduction to the culture and geography of the country mauritania

They also brought weapons such as sticks and knives and swords. Pretending to get drunk, they began to "fight" each other. Towards evening, the villagers returned to their settlement, leaving behind the weapons and large amounts of beer. The Yetis had been hidden in the mountains watching the day's events.

As soon as the villagers left, they came down to the pasture, drank the rest of the beer, and started fighting among themselves. Soon, most of the Yetis were dead.

A few of the less intoxicated escaped and swore revenge. However, there were so few left that the survivors retreated to caves high in the mountains where no one would find them. Occasionally, they reappear to attack humans.

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The oldest Buddhist sect in Tibet, it emphasizes mysticism and incorporates shamanistic practices and local deities borrowed from the pre-Buddhist Bon religion.

Thus, in addition to Buddha and the great Buddhist divinities, the Sherpa also have believe in numerous gods and demons who are believed to inhabit every mountain, cave, and forest. These have to be worshiped or appeased through ancient practices that have been woven into the fabric of Buddhist ritual life.

Indeed, it is almost impossible to distinguish between Bon practices and Buddhism. Many of the great Himalayan mountains are worshiped as gods.

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Each clan recognizes mountain gods identified with certain peaks that are their protective deities. The day-to-day religious affairs of the Sherpas are dealt with by lamas Buddhist spiritual leaders and other religious practitioners living in the villages.History & Culture Morocco's history began with the Berbers, the aboriginal people who have inhabited the country since the end of the 2nd millennium BC Rome extended its rule over the area after defeating Carthage in BC, and testimony to its presence still exists in the fine Roman ruins at Volubilis.

Countries shown in this late winter satellite image of the southern Balkan Peninsula include Italy (left center edge), Greece (below center), and Turkey (right edge).

Mali, landlocked country of western Africa, mostly in the Saharan and Sahelian regions.

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Mali is largely flat and arid. The Niger River flows through its interior, functioning as the main trading and transport artery in the country. Sections of the river flood periodically, providing much-needed fertile agricultural soil along its banks as well as creating pasture for livestock.

CULTURE • EDUCATION • FOOD LANGUAGE • MAPS • MEDIA. Library Card Log In. Log In. Mauritania was administered as a French colony during the first half of the 20th century and became independent on November 28, By the terms of the constitution, Islam is the official state religion, but the republic guarantees freedom of conscience and religious liberty to all.

Arabic is the official language; Fula, Soninke, and Wolof are national languages. Current, accurate and in depth facts on Argentina. Unique cultural information provided. 35, + pages CountryReports - Your World Discovered!

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